Sunday, May 24, 2020
The New Deal Samantha Archer POLS 1101: American Government January 22, 2017 Dr. Andrea M. Peterson The New Deal In October of 1929 the stock market crashes, marking the beginning of the Great Depression. By 1930 unemployment grows from almost 4 million in January to 7 million in December. During this time President Herbert Hoover appoints the PresidentÃ¢â¬â¢s Emergency Committee for Employment to stimulate state and local relief but no funding for relief was provided by the committee. In July of 1932, in the midst of the greatest economic crisis in U.S. history, Franklin D. Roosevelt accepted the Democratic PartyÃ¢â¬â¢s presidential nomination, promising Ã¢â¬Å"a new deal for the American people.Ã¢â¬ That promise became a series of relief,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦During the depression, approximately 50% of senior citizens lived in poverty. Like many Americans appalled at the sight of fellow citizens living their final years in poverty after a lifetime of hard work, FDR believed that a nation as prosperous and advanced as the U.S. should not allow retired citizens to suffer poverty . It protects citizens from poverty during retirement, and provides temporary relief for involuntary unemployed Americans and families seeking new jobs- a program known as Unemployment Insurance. The funds for Social Security are collected from every paycheck-worker and employers split the tax contributions that the government collects. After age 62, citizens receive a monthly pension check back from the government. Another reform program that was started was the TVA (Tennessee Valley Authority). Of all of the reform programs proposed by the Roosevelt administration, the TVA was by far the most ambitious. Created in 1933 for the purpose of developing the Tennessee River watershed, this comprehensive federal agency revitalized the region by building 16 dams to control flooding generate hydraulic power, and increase agricultural production. This agency also provided jobs, low-cost housing, reforestation, and many other conservation-related services to the region. Recovery was planned to help the economy bounce back from depression. For example, The National Industrial Recovery Act. The 1933 National Industrial Recovery
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The two primary functions of Varian Magna Agricultural Cooperative Society (EVANS) are procurement of agricultural produce from the farmers marketing it to the amandine, and procurement supply of agricultural inputs to the farmers. The objective is to devise a strategy for EVANS for efficient use of funds with respect to procurement and sale. Criteria Benefit of the farmers should be the top priority while planning the strategy. We will write a custom essay sample on Caase study or any similar topic only for you Order Now Financial planning must be done carefully in view of the limited supply of funds. Variation of prices of payday as well as fertilizers during different seasons must be used to the advantage of EVANS. Since the society shares a good relationship with the bank, this must be leveraged to suit required credit facilities. Options We assume that EVANS maintains minimal liquid cash to handle administrative expenses and interest. Some of the relevant options are listed below: Option 1: Option 2: Option 3: Evaluation Option 1 Farmers get sufficient funds to plan long term Losing out on higher margins by selling payday at current price Cost benefit on early arches of fertilizers is marginal Initial cash balance Cash paid to farmers Revenue from payday sales +500000 Fertilizers purchase expense Overheads -35000 ODD Extension Option 2 Cost benefit by postponing payday sales is high Insurance for payday -10000 From reserves Option 3 Farmers get their part of their share on time Cost benefit on early purchase of fertilizers can also be leveraged Credit limit extension translates to higher interest Part payment to farmers -250000 -38000 -298000 Interest -15000 Decision The high cost of storage, labor and equipment and the low savings margin make the early purchase of fertilizers an unattractive option. On the other hand, there would be a significant loss with regard to opportunity cost since we are selling payday at the current price of INNER 5000 per ton. Moreover, a marginal extension of Overdraft limit is required to support operations. The higher margin on payday sales can be leveraged by holding the stock in storage for 6 months. The high overheads of storing fertilizers can be avoided. Since we have sufficient reserves, we can support daily operations with minimal funds. The objective of the Co-operative society is to benefit the farmers over the long run. If the members agree to give up part payment towards procuring fertilizers at the discounted price, they can get the coupled benefits of the higher margins on payday and reduced fertilizer costs. Therefore, we recommend option 3. Action Based on the calculations below, accounting for minimum and maximum possible price of payday in 6 months, we can bring about a substantial reduction in cost per bag of fertilizers. Min Max 630000 750000 Profit margin 130000 250000 (-) Interest Net profit from payday sales 210000 Fertilizer cost 475000 38000 Total Cost 513000 (-) Net profit from payday sales Revised Total Cost of Fertilizers 423000 303000 Revised cost per bag of Fertilizers 222. 63 159. 47 Contingency Since our recommended option requires deferring part payment, the farmers do not receive the entire sale revenue right away. This option also requires the bank to allow an extended overdraft limit to EVANS. In the circumstance, that either or both parties are unwilling to accept this proposal, we recommend option 2 as a backup. How to cite Caase study, Papers
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Digital Marketing in Enterprise Architechture. Answer: Introduction The business problem that is solved in this paper is the ad fraud in Australia. Ad fraud is scam or a technique in which the advertisers are fooled by the perpetrator in paying money for something that are totally worthless to them. Ad fraud is misleading the citizens with wrong products and services which are published to collect from the users. The fraud rate of Australia is considered as the worst rate in the whole world (Armstrong et al., 2015). The industries in Australia spend more than 7$ billion in speeding up the advertising in the year 2016. As the problem has increased, the way to solve those issues of digital marketing has also increased among the advertisers. This awareness has lead to change in the supply side of the dealers. The knowledge helps the publishers to eliminate the risk and fraudulent inventory potentially. The usual stakeholders of an enterprise are customers, employees and its investors. Stakeholder is a group of people that keeps an interest on the company and can directly alter the business or can directly get affected by the enterprise. Additional stakeholders are also added in an organization. They include government, trade association and community. There are internal as well as external stakeholders. Internal stakeholder includes people those whose interest comes out by keeping a direct relationship with the company which includes investment, ownership or employment (Simula, Tllmen Karjaluoto, 2015). The people who do not work directly with the company but somehow get affected by the outcomes and action of the enterprise is the external stakeholders. Creditors, public group and the suppliers are the external stakeholders. Methods that are advocated Ad Fraud technology- The business method that is taken to solve the ad fraud case is digital marketing. Digital marketing is an imaginative way to get to the customers with less set up ensuring low maintenance costs in media (Bui, Markus Newell, 2015). The operations that are involved in digital marketing are applications that involve capabilities, structures, processes and cost effective technologies. Digital marketing also comprise to measure the interactivity, optimizing digital channels, personalization and targeting (Chaffey, Smith Smith, 2013). The capability of digital marketing helps to increase iterative development, responsiveness, speed, experimentation and agility that a successful company needs to make a place in the market. Digital marketing involves - Understanding the customers Delivering a remarkable experience Nominating a proper marketing technology Carry out proper governance and processes Implementing the best way to achieve success Digital marketing solves ad fraud issues - Ad fraud issues of businesses are solved in the following ways- Digital marketing helps to redirect traffic in the website. Targeting the audience effectively is one of the main issues that are solved by digital marketing. Digital marketing helps in leading the generation gap among people and helps to conduct conversion via social media. Staying updated with the new trends and technology. Business Management Aspect of digital marketing Customers not only connect to call centers, stores or web site. The tendency now includes customer commitment with the integrated business, through many channels by both online and physically. The brand should meet the customer expectation and maintain a loyalty for long lasting relation with the customers irrespective of whichever and whatever the customer chooses. The enterprises are providing more money for assembling and building digital platforms for customer engagement, retention and customer acquisition (Brusaporci, 2015). The complexity and cost of digital application delivery and development are increasing exponentially. Some of the common enterprise architecture issues that can be solved by implementing digital marketing are The way to stop customer from discontinuing their shopping lists Way to increase their social traffic Way to reduce bounce rate Dealing with time issues Receive ROI numbers in campaign of digital marketing Improve click per Email rate Develop in local search Increase the social conversions Decrease the bounce rate Increase the conversion rate, and The way to make a rank in a competitive market Architectural aspects There are three separate views of architecture for Digital Solution (Koeck Warnaby, 2015) Technology and application view Sales and marketing technology Digital project views of an individual Reasons to undertake the change of digital marketing The opportunities that are used to implement digital marketing in business processes are - Creates a verified connection within the customers Creating a strategy of social media marketing Drop in organic reach Satisfy quantity over quality Having a good content Taking the content to a big social audience Encouraging sharing on social media Tracking of data Quality graphics and visuals are created Changes that will occur after implementing digital marketing The evidence of having a digital strategy of marketing is needed for all type of industries. Having a strategy of digital marketing, regardless of scale and size of business is very much important (Armstrong et al., 2015). A strategy of digital marketing is needed to grow a business and survive it for a long run. From the industry report publish, 47% of the business follows digital marketing without a proper strategy (Soja Paliwoda-P?kosz, 2013). This result in multiple beginning campaigns and finish up losing their budgets unessential. Timelines are to be set to fetch the result of the experiments they are trying for a good digital marketing strategy. Digital marketing consistent optimization and campaigns are both needed for accomplishment of great result. For clear Direction The direction of the idea about what is to be done is to be cleared to the business procedure for digital space (Royle Laing, 2014). The full idea should be noted first and also the ways for achieving them. Great number of thoughts comes to the mind while structuring an idea. The manager of digital marketing has to think about the customers, market target, goals, brand and objectives of the business. The process of getting a clear idea is quite devastating but it is important to pen down the idea and the process to resolve them. To Complete the online space Many upcoming businesses fail to recognize the priority of having online presence and the amount of customer they are losing because they are not connected online to the internet (Kim Mauborgne, 2014). Not coming online leads to great lose to the business and they might face a growth of competitor those who have connection to the internet. To study about the competitors is needed and work according to that. A superior understanding is gained while defining a strategy on how a business can be taken further. Business should be done online so that the customers get to know about the product or service online. Implementation of plan and improvising them in a productive manner is to be done. Digital planning should focus on the existing clients and stay loyal to them instead of only focusing to the new clients. To Integerate the marketing strategy Digital marketing does not work best when alone. It works best when they are integrated with activities of offline marketing (Patti, 2017). Online marketing alone cannot help a business alone to flourish. Different channels are tested, tried and identified and associate them with different other proportions are done to integrate digital marketing. The mixing of offline and online marketing is mostly needed to many businesses. It is important that the full marketing strategy is carefully integrated with offline and online activities of marketing. Consistency is to be mentioned among all the channels. The main motive is to have an integrated plan of marketing that distribute and publish all the messages over all the channels of social network, newsletters, advertising campaigns and also including websites. To Optimize, Aanlyse and to accomplish Efficeincy The optimization and analyzation of the strategic plans helps to optimize the campaigns and get closer to the business goals (Fulgoni Lipsman, 2014). A business strategy that is well integrated and well drafted helps to get the operational efficiency without any duplication and using the available resources in a better way (Charlesworth, 2014). Tracking progress and the strategy in response returning and an evolution of the technology is done by optimization. Person responsible to initiate the change Managers of the digital marketing are responsible for initiating necessary changes in a company (Taiminen Karjaluoto, 2015). The work of the digital marketing manger will see the managing team to understand and develop marketing understanding, work with IT resources and translate them into technical particulars (Soja Paliwoda-P?kosz, 2013). Manage the external development agency and driving project preference for web properties. Managers also manage agency that are responsible for deploying and developing consumer email. All inbound request are managed and web site schedule are managed and open issues are resolved. Manage all future product launch website and upgrade those. Work with Consumer Advertising and Brand Advertising Manager to implement campaign extension of online brand. Develop email and web content priorities, develop payoff web and optimization working with Content Manager. Coordinate schedules and publishing efforts, share best prices with web production team. A prim ary medium of vendor responsibility for implementation of email properties and advertising sales are done by managers. Third party features and tools are needed for implementation of evaluation. Serve as communicator with manager of Marketing Research to protect email and web reporting. The role of the manager is to contribute leadership to technical resources, connect with the design resources. Directionless- The business or enterprises that do not have a digital strategy do not have a fair strategic goal about what they want to achieve. They have to attract new customers and build relationship with the customers, and these are all done by online. They have to have a clear direction about is to be done. If goals are focused then the company will put all the efforts and resources to reach its goal. Know the online market share- Without reaching the share market customer demand will not be satisfied. If the marketplace is not understood properly, then the mobility will be different for all the channels with distinct types of customer behavior and profile, propositions and competitors regarding marketing communications. Start up and existing competitors gains market share- If enough resources are not given to digital marketing, then the place of the business may decrease due to increase in competitors of the same product or services. Customers searching online for a product get many different sites offering a same product. Resources should be dedicated to the right amount so that the competitors cannot come nearby in the online market place. A dominant online value proposition- A clear online dominant value proposition is advised to make a difference between the new and existing customer of the company. The online value proposition instructs the business to stay loyal to both new and existing customer of the company. Importance - Digital marketing enables to know the customer well and deliver the similar products or services they are actually looking for. The enterprise has to know their drawbacks and work accordingly to overcome their drawbacks. Integration- It is important for a company to integrate its online and offline strategies. Digital marketing helps to integrated with the strategies. Digital marketing works best when they are integrated with response channel and traditional media. Time and money is wasted through duplication- If there is no sufficient amount of money to invest, than it is wastage of time. Competitor of a company may invest much in digitization which results in the loss of the company. Importance of budget- If budget is not given importance, than digital market may come to an end. Insufficient resource will lead to many competitors in the share market resulting in a loss for the company. Part of the enterprise where changes happens The part of enterprise that are where changes happens due to ad fraud can be accomplished in four different categories - Operational efficiency Process effectiveness Automation efficiency Opportunity creation Operational efficiency- Operational efficiency refers to the quality benefits, market speed and cost reduction (Jeston Nelis, 2014). Enterprise architecture helps to identify and deduct complex and costly processes between contradictory systems, to utilize best practices and improve tech platforms to simplify the training, maintenance and support. Process effectiveness- Process effectiveness is a set of rules to improve the process opportunities and benefits the current generation revenue (Goetsch Davis, 2014). The techniques that are involved in improvement of process involve inquiry of Business Architecture and System Architecture to execute business processes. Using of Enterprise Architecture highlights the processes that are performed, improvement of scenarios and redesign. Opportunity Creation- this refers to the arrangement of mechanism that protects future, steady revenue generation, implementation of strategic initiatives (Katzenbach Smith, 2015). Enterprise architecture is used in promoting the business and adjustment of IT. Automation efficiency- It is a benefit that gives future devaluation of cost by the adjustment of technology planning and enhance the efficiency (Riggins Wamba, 2015). Enterprise architecture is used in the estimate of use of the result of the systems and developed technologies. Changes that occurs due to add fraud in digital enterprise are as follows- Digitization of services and products- Services and products are enhanced with services that are value added and are digitized completely. Value creation that is context sensitive- Though mobile devices are more popular, it enables the demand for customized solution. Consumerization- Safe combination of mobile devices to an architecture that has managed enterprise for both IT and business is a challenging task. Computerization of work- It is easier to work over distance which enables a simple outsourcing of task of business. Computerization of business models- Enterprise needs to think repeatedly their business models and to evolve innovative business by employees competencies and skills. Roadmap of Digital Marketing A roadmap is needed to create a Digital Marketing Plan (Kaufman Horton, 2014). There are main four elements that make s a road map of digital marketing. Web asset- digital assets are needed to make a digital marketing strategy. In web asset the architecture of the website is audited so that the technical issues are corrected and identified (Manzerolle McGuigan, 2014). Persona research and keyword are executed to develop the marketing strategy. Pay per click search engine and the following landing pages are also developed. Content strategy- Content Strategy is a long term process. The content which is same as SEO strategy and which is available on websites experience optimization process. This takes a much longer time. New content serves the cause of delivering an experience of user. Strategy of social channel- The channel of distribution and engagement for content is known as social media (Leeflang et al., 2014). The strategy of social marketing is defined allowing the content strategy and strategy of customer segmentation. Technology Strategy- The roadmap of digital marketing cannot be carried out without tools to measure and execute outcomes and progress. All the tools and technologies are different from each other. There are tools which needs minimum fare such as Google. A business needs a powerful set of software tools for managing marketing strategies. Drawbacks of Digital Marketing Coping of Campaigns that are held in Digital Marketing: The campaign that is used by a company may be easily copied by other companies. Logos and trademarks that are used by some companies can be easily copied by other making a minimal change on the logo. This helps in frauding with the customers. Much confusion arises in Digital Marketing: Internet have lots of confusion in it. The Digital Marketers find many difficulties to get noticed by the customers. Digital Marketing Should be Done Professionally: The companies should take the Digital Marketing seriously because it not done so, then the customers would also not take them seriously. The impression that is created at the first sight is the ultimate impression on the customers. Digital Marketing might not be relevant for the product: The product that is sold by the company might not need digital marketing for the promotion of the products. The products that are used by elderly people might not need Internet for promoting because most of the aged people does not know the use of internet or may be very few in numbers. To invest in such cases is a total waste of time. Much competition is involved in Digital Marketing- Advertisement on Internet faces too much competition in this digital era. Similar kinds of products are found in hundreds of websites. Negative feedback can reflect the reputation of Digital Marketing: There is always a feedback process available from the customers. If the customers is not satisfied by the services or the product, the might leave a negative feedback which may lead to decrease the reputation of the company. Conclusion The advancement of technology is done by the practice and research of digital marketing. The advance technology cherishes various opportunities and poses remarkable challenges for the competitors. Promoting a brand by representing a product in a way that adds validity is done by Marketers with the use of Digital Portfolio. Digital Marketing provides sufficient arrangement for searching the right customer through connectors and search engines. The digital marketing allows the customers to get a wide vision on the brands or products they are searching for and get a brief knowledge about the product. The introduction of digital marketing in business architecture is explicitly mentioned in this paper. This article also gives a bright idea that deals with the different problems related to digital marketing. The most important part of digital marketing is to connect with the customers. Digital marketing is a process of making new clients and as well as keeping a good relationship with the existing customers. This paper also acknowledges how to use digital marketing and the need to use them in todays world of business to give the company an impressive platform. The processes that are followed currently are also described in this paper. Digital marketing of updated form is also described. References Armstrong, G., Kotler, P., Harker, M., Brennan, R. (2015).Marketing: an introduction. Pearson Education. Brusaporci, S. (Ed.). (2015).Handbook of Research on Emerging Digital Tools for Architectural Surveying, Modeling, and Representation. IGI Global. Bui, Q., Markus, M. L., Newell, S. (2015, January). Magnitude in innovation change: adaptation and reinvention in Enterprise Architecture implementation. InAcademy of Management Proceedings(Vol. 2015, No. 1, p. 19056). Academy of Management. Chaffey, D., Smith, P. R., Smith, P. R. (2013).eMarketing eXcellence: Planning and optimizing your digital marketing. Routledge. Charlesworth, A. (2014).Digital marketing: A practical approach. Routledge. Fulgoni, G., Lipsman, A. (2014). Numbers, please: Digital game changers: How social media will help usher in the era of mobile and multi-platform campaign-effectiveness measurement.Journal of Advertising Research,54(1), 11-16. Goetsch, D. L., Davis, S. B. (2014).Quality management for organizational excellence. Upper Saddle River, NJ: pearson. Jeston, J., Nelis, J. (2014).Business process management. Routledge. Katzenbach, J. R., Smith, D. K. (2015).The wisdom of teams: Creating the high-performance organization. Harvard Business Review Press. Kaufman, I., Horton, C. (2014).Digital marketing: Integrating strategy and tactics with values, a guidebook for executives, managers, and students. Routledge. Kim, W. C., Mauborgne, R. A. (2014).Blue ocean strategy, expanded edition: How to create uncontested market space and make the competition irrelevant. Harvard business review Press. Koeck, R., Warnaby, G. (2015). Digital Chorographies: conceptualising experiential representation and marketing of urban/architectural geographies.arq: Architectural Research Quarterly,19(2), 183-192. Leeflang, P. S., Verhoef, P. C., Dahlstrm, P., Freundt, T. (2014). Challenges and solutions for marketing in a digital era.European management journal,32(1), 1-12. Manzerolle, V., McGuigan, L. (Eds.). (2014).The audience commodity in a digital age: Revisiting a critical theory of commercial media. Peter Lang Publishing, Incorporated. Patti, C. H., Hartley, S. W., van Dessel, M. M., Baack, D. W. (2017). Improving integrated marketing communications practices: a comparison of objectives and results.Journal of Marketing communications,23(4), 351-370. Riggins, F. J., Wamba, S. F. (2015, January). Research directions on the adoption, usage, and impact of the internet of things through the use of big data analytics. InSystem Sciences (HICSS), 2015 48th Hawaii International Conference on(pp. 1531-1540). IEEE. Royle, J., Laing, A. (2014). The digital marketing skills gap: Developing a Digital Marketer Model for the communication industries.International Journal of Information Management,34(2), 65-73. Simula, H., Tllmen, A., Karjaluoto, H. (2015). Facilitating innovations and value co-creation in industrial B2B firms by combining digital marketing, social media and crowdsourcing. InMarketing Dynamism Sustainability: Things Change, Things Stay the Same(pp. 254-263). Springer, Cham. Soja, P., Paliwoda-P?kosz, G. (2013). Comparing benefits from enterprise system adoption in transition and developed economies: An ontology-based approach.Information Systems Management,30(3), 198-217. Taiminen, H. M., Karjaluoto, H. (2015). The usage of digital marketing channels in SMEs.Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development,22(4), 633-651.
Thursday, April 2, 2020
Drug Abuse Drug abuse in the United States of America, we, the people value several things, some of which are freedom, expanding and taking care of our families and our financial security. We, the people, take such things for granted. We also discourage some behavior, such as crime, laziness and use of illegal drugs. Drug abuse is one of the most discouraged behaviors in our country. Use of illegal drugs is harmful to the user and all those with whom the user comes in contact. There are over 40 million illegal drug users in the world today and America is the biggest market for drugs. There are more drug dealers in this country, than there are dentists. Illegal drug abuse must be stopped; it hurts our society, hurts us, and, most of all, hurts the user. Drug users are parasites, feeding off society's money, taxes and insurance. Every type of insurance goes up because of drug abuse, including auto, health and homeowners. Worst of all, the crime rate will sky rocket if we let this behavior continue. Illegal drugs and their abusers are a plague to society for many different reasons.. Drugs have very harmful effects on the user and the people with whom the user interacts. The user is affected in many ways. The most popular drug in America, alcohol, is generally thought of as socially acceptable and relatively harmless. But it can have devastating effects. Alcohol might seem very harmless but it can harm the user very easily. Alcohol is easy to obtain and consume. It is taken as a beverage and, since it is legal, it can be purchased at the corner store. The immediate effects on the user are relaxation and a slight anesthetic effect. Alcohol is a very addictive drug. There are more than 18 million alcoholics in America2 , an indication of how widespread its harmful effects are. Alcoholics normally drink a lot on mornings and weeknights, at times which separate them for normal "social" drinkers. Often, the alcohol will bring out a violent temper and often, alcoholics abuse, physically and mentally, their friends and family. Drinking makes the drinker feel he is more confident. The drinker thinks he is in control, even if a little high, and he might get behind the wheel of his car and go for a drive. Drunk driving is deadly. Hundreds of thousands of people get killed every year due to drunk driving. Other physical effects of drinking are vomiting, passing out and sometimes, if enough alcohol is consumed over a long enough period of time, or if mixed with other drugs, death. Marijuana is a popular, and illegal, drug. Its largest consumers are young adults. Marijuana is smoked in a pipe or rolled in a cigarette. Thirty-seven percent of people between ages 12-17 have tried marijuana.3 Marijuana gives a slight buzzing feeling of light-headedness. Experimentation with marijuana is dangerous because studies show that 60% of people who smoke marijuana on a regular basis move on to try harder drugs soon after.4 Marijuana tends to diminish the ambition and motivation in the user. In the long run, it may cause lung cancer and other respiratory problems. Cocaine is another popular, illegal, street drug. Cocaine is snorted or smoked as " crack"(a cheaper and, as a result of being so affordable, more addictive way). Cocaine gives the user a sense of well-being and extra energy.
Sunday, March 8, 2020
Political Analysis essays It would seem obvious to most that large tobacco growing states like South Carolina would be the main voters against stricter legislation. In actuality large tobacco companies like Philip Morris are some of the largest donators to the politicians in the non tobacco states. As said in this article, "As long as Washington lawmakers are hooked on donations from Big Tobacco, the industry has enough friends to ward off strong federal oversight." This statement is very true. For years now many bills and acts have been presented to congress such as the Healthy Kids' Act which would allow the Food and Drug Administration to regulate tobacco, create a major anti-smoking ad campaign, provide no immunity for lawsuits against tobacco firms, and curb youth smoking. These bills typically get voted against by politicians that have taken or need the donations and support of the tobacco industry. For example, Rep. Vic Fazio, D-Calif., who received $62,500 since 1991 the ninth highest amount in c ontributions from tobacco companies among House members and the highest among lawmakers from states that don't grow tobacco voted against the Healthy Kid's Act aswell as two tobacco bills introduced last year, one to increase Food and Drug Administration funding and another to prohibit government funds from being used to pay for tobacco crop insurance. The consumer advocacy group Public Citizen conducted a survey in 1999 that found that members who voted in favor of tobacco legislation received considerably more money than those who didn't. Senators voting in favor of tobacco industry positions received as much as 15 times more money from tobacco company contributions in 1997 than their counterparts who didn't. House members received nine times more money. What politicians might be avoiding passing in Washington, local governments are passing in their small and large counties. One thousand five hundred and fifteen counties in the nation have banned smo...
Thursday, February 20, 2020
Comparison of two nursing education systems - Assignment Example Notably, there has been increased enrolment into degree nursing education as compared to diploma enrolment because of numerous reasons. Under degree baccalaureate degree in nursing, experts identify it as a unique and holistic education program that allows practical and theoretical application of nursing. Firstly, it encompasses all course work taught at diploma level, in-depth treatment of physical and social sciences and nursing services management. It is, therefore, more superior in terms of coverage and relevance to modern nursing (Mayne et al., 2013 pp 15). Secondly, the degree program encompasses humanity courses that allow students to have a wider knowledge beyond medical diseases and patients. Unlike, degree program diploma system has narrow scope that restrict curriculum to fundamental medical cases and patient management. Lack of additional courses at diploma curriculum inhibit professional development, and graduates lack broader scope of practice (Mayne et al., 2013 pp 15). The Joint Statement on Academics Progression for Nursing Students and Graduates (JSAPNSG), American Association of Colleges, American Association of Community Colleges, they together agreed that degree nursing was more diverse and equipped. The had students shown knowledge on sociological view of patient care. Diploma curriculum centers hospital as a key health institution with little focus on the role of preventive medicine. On contrary, degree program has been anchored on environmental and sociological view of health. It envisions healthy community through medical research and preventive medicine unlike diploma program whose research scope is insignificant (Cabaniss 2014 pp 182). Leonardo (2012 pp 258) states that during May 2010, Tri-Council of Nursing identified nursing degree as a rightful direction that would foster patient safety and quality nursing care that is scientific. It asked diploma nurses to advance their studies in order to